The flag was completed in New York City at Chimney Corner Hall in Manhattan on December 22, 1895.  The flag of Puerto Rico has a rich history.  Dr. Julio J. Henna led a group of 59 Puerto Ricans who organized the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party.  As part of their activities, a flag was created to rally support for independence from Spain.   The Puerto Rican flag was designed by inverting the colors of the single starred flag of its neighbor in the Caribbean, Cuba.  The first known incarnation of the symbol was made by Manuela `Mima' Besosa, the Puerto Rican Betsy Ross.  The motion to adopt the flag was approved unanimously by the Puerto Rican revolutionaries.  In 1895, Cuba and Puerto Rico were the only two Spanish colonies left in the Western Hemisphere.  The Puerto Rican Section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party founded by Jose Marti, agreed upon using the Cuban flag as the model for the Puerto Rican flag. Basically they are they same flag with inverted colors.  The Cuban flag has blue stripes and a red triangle; the Puerto Rican flag it's just the opposite. Our flag was designed after the Cuban flag with the colors inverted as a sign of solidarity with Cuba, as suggested by Lola Rodriguez de Tio. Some celebrate Puerto Rican Flag Day on June 11th others celebrate it on December 22. Our flag was one hundred years old in 1995. Boricuas in 1895 were fighting for independence from Spain. Some wanted independence so that Puerto Rico could be annexed to the United States. Some hoped Puerto Rico would come into some sort of Antillian alliance or confederation. Both sides worked together in one accord. A group of Puerto Rican patriots in New York City worked on this project and that is where our flag was born. It was then a revolutionary flag in defiance of the Spanish reign. The reason they did not use the Lares Flag was because it represented a defeated effort. They wanted a new flag.

"La Borinquena" midi - Courtesy of Rene Ramos

Que bonita bandera,
Que bonita bandera,
Que bonita bandera
es la bandera Puertorriquena.

Que bonita bandera,
Que bonita bandera,
Que bonita bandera
es la bandera Puertorriquena.

Reference:  http://www.elboricua.com/flag.html




"La Borinquena"
(New Version) 

La tierra de Borinquen
donde he nacido yo,
es un jardin florido
de magico primor.

Un cielo siempre nitido
que sirve de dosel
y dan arrullos placidos
las olas a sus pies.

Cuando a sus playas llego Colon
exclamo, lleno de admiracion;
Oh! Oh! Oh!
Esta es la linda
tierra que busco yo. 

Es Borinquen querida la hija,  
del mar y el sol,  
del mar y el sol,  
del mar y el sol,  
del mar y el sol,  
del mar y el sol.

Letra: Manuel Fernandez Juncos 
Música: Ramon Collado
Autor: Felix Astol Artes

Reference:  http://www.elboricua.com/flag.html

"La Borinquena Revolucionaria"
(Old Version)

Lola Rodríguez De Tio

Despierta, borinqueno
que han dado la senal!
Despierta de ese sueno
que es hora de luchar!

A ese llamar patriotico
no arde tu corazon?
Ven! Nos será simpatico
el ruido del canon.

Mira, ya el cubano
libre sera;
le dara el machete
su libertad...
le dara el machete
su libertad.

Ya el tambor guerrero
dice en su son,
que es la manigua el sitio,
el sitio de la reunion,
de la reunion...
de la reunion.

El Grito de Lares
se ha de repetir,
y entonces sabremos
vencer o morir.

Bellisima Borinquen,
a Cuba hay que seguir;
tu tienes bravos hijos
que quieren combatir.

Ya por mas tiempo impavido
no podemos estar,
ya no queremos, timidos
dejarnos subyugar.

Nosotros queremos
ser libre ya,
y nuestro machete
afilado esta,
y nuestro machete
afilado esta.



"Our Grito de Lares Flag"


The "Grito de Lares" is Puerto Rico's first and only cry for Independence. On September 23, 1868 between 600 to 1000 men, mostly Puerto Rican born and from the west of the Island, revolted for Independence from Spain. Of the arrested most were innocent jibaros their only guilt was being passive victims of the political regime. The citizens of the Capital as well as the wealthy were indifferent to the independence movement. The men were poorly armed without aid, protection or training. The revolt which was planned for September 29th began instead on the 23rd as a result of betrayal.   On the evening of the 23rd the most daring met at the farm of Manuel Rojas in Pezuelas, Lares. Led by Manuel Rojas this group of men marched towards Lares. Second in command was Matias Brugman, other leaders were Joaquin Parrilla, Eusebio Ibarra, Manuel Cebollero, Juan Terreforte, Andres Pol y Gambino Plumey. This group was able to "take" Lares without any resistance before the Spaniards became aware if the revolt. The group proceeded to form a provisional government declaring an independent Puerto Rico Republic. The new President was Francisco Ramirez, Aurelio Mendez was the Government Minister, Clemente Millan was the Justice Minister, Federico Valencia was the Minister of the Treasury, Manuel Ramirez was the Secretary of State, Bernabe Pol was the Secretary. The following day they marched to San Sebastian where the Spanish militia awaited them and the rest is history.   El Grito de Lares is now immortalized. In 1969 Governor Luis A. Ferre, a statehood supporter, declared September 23rd a National Holiday. Lares was declared a Historic Site by the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture. Lares is known as the birthplace of Puerto Rican Nationalism.  Lares Flag designed by Betances, sewed by Mariana Bracetti. The Flag had a white cross dividing the flag into four sections (rectangles).  The top two sections were blue and the bottom sections were red. On the top left rectangle was a white star.




P. R. Coat of Arms


The Coat of Arms of Puerto Rico  were first granted by the Spanish Crown in 1511,  and are the oldest arms still used in the New World.  It was officially re-adopted by the Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico in 1976.   On the shield, the green background represents the island's vegetation. The lamb (of God) and flag on the shield are those of St. John the Baptist, while the book with the seven seals on which the lamb sits represents the Book of Revelation, generally attributed to John the Evangelist.  The border is made up of several different elements: castles and lions to represent Castile and Leon (Castil-Leon), as well as a flag that represents the two kingdoms united as Spain. The cross of Jerusalem stands for the Catholic faith. The F and the arrows (flechas in spanish) represent Ferdinand II of Aragon while the Y and the yoke (yugo in spanish) represent Isabella I of Castile, who originally granted the arms. The motto, "Joannes Est Nomem Ejus", means "John is its name", as San Juan, or St. John, was the original name of the island.


Puerto Rico National Banknote 1895

Reference:  www.google.com

Back image of a 1 Peso Banknote from Puerto Rico dated 1895
Reference:  www.google.com



Our Municipal Flags

       Each town in Puerto Rico has its own Municipal Flag.


   Reference:  www.proyectosalonhogar.com



Reference: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/pr%7D.html#epb

Los Macheteros (official name: Ejército Popular de Boricua (EPB)), known also as EPB Movimiento Popular Revolucionario, Machete Wielders and Popular Army of Boricua.
Founding Philosophy: The Macheteros issued their first communique on August 24, 1978. In the letter, the group protested the deaths of two Puerto Rican independency advocates by Puerto Rican police officers. In addition to the written protest, the newly formed group physically retaliated against the Puerto Rican police force. The Macheteros first recorded terrorist action was the murder of a Puerto Rican police officer.
The Macheteros is a terrorist group committed to full Puerto Rican independence from the United States. While the group has shown activity in the continental U.S., the group is based in Puerto Rico. Furthermore, the majority of its attacks have occurred in Puerto Rico. The Macheteros believe that the U.S. is illegally occupying Puerto Rican lands. The group's terrorist activities are particularly aimed at U.S. military installations and personnel. In addition, the group has a history of attacking Puerto Rican police officers.
Current Goals: While the Macheteros are based in Puerto Rico, a bank robbery in the United States precipitated a severe blow to the terrorist group. In September 1983, the Macheteros stole more than $7 million from a Wells Fargo bank in West Hartford, Connecticut. While the Macheteros escaped with the majority of the stolen money, enough evidence was gathered from the bank investigation to arrest several key Macheteros leaders.
Despite the successful conviction of several Macheteros leaders in the early 1990s, the Macheteros have engaged in terrorist attacks since the arrests.



En Mi Viejo San Juan

En mi Viejo San Juan
Cuantos años forjé
En mis años de infancia.

Mi primera ilusión
Y mis cuitas de amor
Son recuerdos del alma.

Una tarde partí
Hacia extraña nación
Pues lo quiso el destino

Pero mi corazón
Se quedó frente al mar
En mi viejo San Juan.

Adiós, adiós, adiós
Borinquen querida
Tierra de mi amor.

Adiós, adiós, adiós
Mi Diosa del Mar
Mi tierra del Palmar.

Me voy, ya me voy
Pero un dia volveré
A buscar mi querer
A soñar otra vez
En mi viejo San Juan.

Pero el tiempo pasó
Y el destino burló
Mi terrible nostalgia
Y no pude volver
Al San Juan que yo amé
Pedacito de Patria

Mi cabello blanqueó
Y mi vida se va
Ya la muerte me llama
Y no quiero morir
Alejado de tí
Puerto Rico de mi alma.

Reference:  Provided by Aurye



Reference:  http://www.cbs3springfield.com

Its faded, and has a few stains, but the battle flag in Westfield is in good condition. Considering it dates back to the Spanish-American War of 1899.  "The flag had a label on it that said captured at the battle of San Juan Hill," said Dr. Robert Brown, a local historian.  The flag was found at the Westfield Athenaeum. In an attic, folded up in a box.  "It appears to have belonged to the equivalent of a national guard unit that may have very well fought in the Spanish-American war," explained Dr. Brown.  Local Historian, Dr. Robert Brown is chair of an historical task force, who has spent the last few years looking at items people have donated over the century. They've determined it's the oldest Puerto Rican national flag in existence, and pre-dates Puerto Rico becoming a U.S. territory.  The flag will be given to the National Puerto Rican Cultural Historical Museum in San Juan during an official ceremony in November. Until then, the flag is on display at the Athenaeum on Elm Street.   
Reference:  http://www.cbs3springfield.com


Here are some pictures of our soldiers, that served to the Army of the United States, they are our heroes that fight for our rights and to put the honor of our nation on top.

Harry Samalot
 Isabela, P.R.

Reference:  photo provided by Harry Samalot

Joann & Harry

Reference:  photo provided by Harry Samalot

PFC Fernando Luis Garcia
First Puerto Rican Medal of Honor recipient

Reference:  http://en.wikipedia.org

Medal of Honor


Private First Class Fernando Luis García (October 14, 1929 – September 5, 1952), a member of the United States Marines, was the first Puerto Rican, from a total of five, to be awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously. García was born in Utuado, Puerto Rico where he received his primary and secondary education.  He moved to San Juan where he started to work for the Texas Company as a file clerk.  On September 19, 1951, García was inducted into the Marines; he received his basic ("boot") training at Parris Island, South Carolina.  After he graduated from his basic training he was sent to Camp Lejeune, North Carolina where he underwent advanced training before being sent to Korea.

García was a Private First Class when he arrived in Korea.  He was assigned to Company I, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines, of the 1st Marine division.  On the night of his death, he was posted about one mile from the enemy lines.  The Korean enemies were attacking with grenades, bombs and other types of artillery.  García was critically wounded, but he led his team to a supply point to get hand-grenades.  An enemy grenade landed nearby, and García covered with his body, sacrificing himself to save the lives of his fellow Marines. García died instantly.  For this heroic action, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor; on October 25, 1953, PFC García's parents were presented his Medal of Honor at a ceremony held in the Utuado City Hall.
Reference:  http://en.wikipedia.org

Fighting Medinas

Reference:  http://en.wikipedia.org

The "fighting Medinas of Rio Grande, Puerto Rico and Brooklyn, New York in World War II

José Dávila

Reference:  Photo provided by his wife, María Peña

José Dávila in the 1970's Vietnam War, when he served for the ARMY of the United States of America.

Alejandro Velázquez

Reference:  Photo Provided by Aurye

My nephew Alex.